Close to 94% of the land surface of Suriname is covered with forests. In only 5% of the forest, trees are harvested for commercial timber trade. Forest Management principles are based on the Celos Management System, developed in Suriname from the 1960s to 1980s. This allows an annual allowable cut of 25 m3 per ha on a 25 year cycle. In practice the average annual harvest is below 8 m3 per ha. One of the main reasons for this low figure is the heterogeneity of the forest and harvest concentration on about 20 timber species. To decrease the pressure on these, it is important to harvest a greater variety, and this is encouraged through certified sustainable forest management (SFM).
Promotion of ‘Promotional’ or lesser known timber species (LKTS) will also increase harvest opportunities and improve the business case for SFM. The forest also benefits since the species composition is maintained.
The project includes investigation of the properties of promising LKTS from the Surinamese forest and pilot projects to demonstrate their potential application. In addition it involves activities to encourage European market mainstreaming of LKTS generally and Surinamese species in particular.
The project is divided in 3 phases:
Timber testing report: Some properties of lesser known timber species from Suriname (SHR, 2019)
Fact sheets of 6 Surinamese Lesser Known Timber Species selected for further testing:
|Scientific name||Surinamese name||Commercial name|
|1) Buchenavia tetraphylla||Gindya udu||Tanimbuca, Fukadi|
|2) Couratari spp.||Ingipipa||Tauari|
|3) Pradosia ptychandra, P. surinamensis &P. schomburgkiana||Kimboto||Casca, Abiu, Chupon|
|4) Eschweilera spp.||Manbarklak||Manbarklak, Kakaralli|
|5) Platonia guianensis, P. insignis, Rheedia spp.||Pakoeli||Bacuri|
|6) Hydrochorea corymbosa (synonyms: Pithecellobium corymbosum, Arthosamanea corymbosa)||Bostamarinde||Angelim pintado|
consortium: Stichting Probos (Lead coordinator); Greenheart Group Suriname; Dennebos Suriname Ltd.; Caribbean Parquet Flooring / TWC Ltd.; Soekhoe & Zonen NV; Suriname Foundation for Forest Management and Production Control (SBB); Stichting Hout Research (SHR); Innovita; FSC Netherlands; Tropenbos International Suriname
uitvoerder(s): Mark van Benthem, Joyce Penninkhof en Jan Oldenburger
opdrachtgever(s): European Sustainable Tropical Timber Coalition (STTC) / IDH, the Sustainable Trade Initiative; Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing countries (CBI); SKH; Surinamese FSC-certified companies; The Guiana Shield Tropical Timber Program; the Dutch Embassy in Paramaribo, Suriname
periode van uitvoering: 2015 - 2018